March 16, 2020
by  Pradeepan Velayuthan

Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) - Coronavirus (COVID-19)

How does Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) work for Coronavirus?

Coronavirus has become a pandemic it is becoming a growing concern for the world. The UK government have set a guidance on Coronavirus (Covid-19), but we are here to answer a few questions that you might have.

The UK 2020 budget has been set and there have been a few changes, this includes a temporary change to the Statutory Sick Pay (SSP).

Should I self-isolate?

If you believe you have symptoms of COVID-19, even mild, please stay at home and do not leave your house for 7 days. From the 13th of March 2020, individuals who have been advised to self-isolate will be covered by SSP.

What is the current rate for SSP?

The current rate is £94.25 each week but this increases to £95.85 from the 6th April 2020.

How does SSP work?

SSP will be payable from the first day rather than the fourth day for affected individuals. This includes individuals who are not ill but unable to work due to self-isolation.

Do I need a sick note to be eligible for SSP?

You do not need a note from your GP or Doctors regarding COVID-19. Instead, you’ll be able to obtain one from NHS 111 if you require a note.

What happens if I am not eligible for SSP?

If you are an individual who is not eligible for SSP, for example if you are self employed or someone earning below the lower earning limit (£118 per week or £512 per month), you can make a claim for Universal Credit or Contributory Employment and Support Allowance.

Information regarding SSP for Employers

If you are a small or medium sized business or employer (less than 250 employees), the government intend to fund your extra costs related to Covid-19 SSP. This includes refunds for business who have employees who have claimed SSP due to Covid-19. Employers are still asked to record absences. However, there is no need to obtain a GP or Doctors fit note, instead one can be obtained from NHS 111.

If you require more information, please click here

I use my personal phone and home internet for my Limited company - Can I claim the full or part of of mobile bills as an expense the VAT on it?

Telephone / Mobile Costs

If the Mobile contract you can claim the 100% cost of the bill and the VAT as an expense. Even though there could be personal use of the mobile, the company or employee does not have to pay any Benefit in Kind taxes (BIK).

However if the Telephone / Mobile contract is in the employee’s name, it gets little complex.  So, if the employee use their personal mobile phone to make a business call only the actual call cost necessarily incurred for the business can be claimed as an expense and not the line rental. Please see the example provided by HMRC.

https://www.gov.uk/hmrc-internal-manuals/employment-income-manual/eim32951

A construction engineer often works out of the office on construction sites. She uses a mobile phone so that she can keep in touch with the office. The phone is mainly used for business calls.

The tariff for the mobile phone includes up to 10 minutes of free calls each month. In one month she pays £22, which is the rental charge only, because her total calls, all of which were business calls, amounted to 8 minutes. No deduction can be permitted because no expense has been incurred in making the business calls.

The following month she pays £28, which is £22 for rental and £6 for calls. Calls that are charged are paid for at a rate of 20p per minute. In the month she made calls totalling 40 minutes, of which 30 minutes were for business and 10 minutes were private. A deduction should be permitted for the cost of business calls, see EIM32945. The amount that can be deducted is £4.50, which is 75% of the call charges, because 75% of the total call time was made up of business calls.

We recommend to have the mobile contract in the company’s name to claim 100% of the mobile cost and to enjoy the tax free benefit.

In the meantime, if the employee have two mobile contracts and one mobile is used 100% for the business purpose, then this cost can be claimed proven it’s used only for business use. 

Broadband

As far as Broadband costs incurred by the employee at home, if the employee is already paying for a broadband contract, the employer cannot reimburse the cost as there will be no additional cost to the employee for using it for business. If the employer decides to reimburse the broadband cost, this will be subject to PAYE and NIC.

In the meantime, if the employee does not already pay for a broadband internet connection at home, and needs one in order to work from home then this cost can be reimbursed by the employer without any PAYE or NIC implications. 

Please refer HMRC’s guidance here

https://www.gov.uk/hmrc-internal-manuals/employment-income-manual/eim01475

Have you filed your Self-Assessment?

Probably you are tired of hearing “Have you filed your Self-Assessment” on radio, TV, Newspapers and on the Tube!. Yes, the deadline for filing your Self-Assessment for tax year 2018/19 is 31st of January 2020.

Who should file a Self-Assessment?

Anyone who has received untaxed income from any source will have to file a self-assessment and pay the relevant taxes. Examples below:

  • Self Employed Sole trader
  • Anyone receiving Property Income
  • Anyone receiving Dividend income
  • Anyone receiving Bank interest
  • Anyone have any other investment income
  • Anyone earning over £100,000 salaries
  • Anyone earning over £50,000 and receiving Child Benefit
  • Anyone who has disposed a chargeable asset (Capital Gains Tax payable)
  • And the list goes on

Self Assessment is not always paying more taxes to HMRC. There are instances where you will actually get a refund from HMRC if you have overpaid Taxes:

  • If you have suffered CIS deductions (Your main contractor has deducted CIS from your pay)
  • If you have two jobs and paid more taxes due to a wrong tax code
  • If you have made a trade loss which could have been set off against your other income
  • If you have made an EIS or SEIS investment.
  • If you have incurred employment-related expenses which are not reimbursed by your employer etc

What will happen if I don’t file a Self-Assessment?

  • If you don’t file your Self Assessment on time ( for 2018/19 returns - paper returns by 31st of October 2019 and online returns by 31.01.2020), you will get a penalty of £100.
  • If the return is not filed after 3 months of the deadline, HMRC will impose a penalty of £10 per day for the next three month up to a maximum of £900.00
  • If you are late by 6 months, you will pay an additional 5% of the Tax due or £300, whichever is greater.
  • If you are late by 12 months, you will pay further 5% of the Tax due or £300, whichever is greater.

What if I don’t pay on time?

  • If you have not paid the tax  due within 30 days of the payment due date you will be charged 5% of the taxes due
  • If you have not paid the tax within 6 months from the payment deadline, a further 5% penalty will be applicable
  • And if you are 12 months late, another 5% will be charged on the tax due.

** Please note the late filing penalties and late payment penalties are independent to each other and you may be liable to pay both the penalties.

** If you are missing information, you can always make estimates and notify in the tax return that you have made estimates.

** You can also amend your tax return online within 12 months of your online filing deadline.

If you would like to discuss your self Assessment with us, please contact us and an expert in our team will be happy to assist you.

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